Gum Arabic is a tree gum collected by tapping sap of legume trees mainly growing in Africa, Acacia senegal and Acacia seyal. Sudan produces more than 80% of the world consumption. Part of the raw material is collected wild the other comes from plantations.
The original material is in tears or large drops called crystals. Each tree produces some 250 to 400g a year crude gum. Crude gum is picked and sorted then ground and filtered before being dried to yield a pure homogenous powder. It has been used widely for many centuries and is still especially important on the beverage markets.
Gum Arabic is an emulsifying agent. It is readily soluble and develops little viscosity at high concentrations. Gum Arabic is quite acid stable. It is synergistic and complementary to many gums: carrageenan, xanthan...
It is also a low calorie filler (2 Kcal / gram) and can be used as a bulking agent to replace sugar or added sugar in recipes.
Gum Arabic is used in many food products: beverages (stabiliser for oil in water emulsions using essential oils for flavouring) confectionery (principal ingredient of pastilles with sugar) dragées (used to prevent oil migration from the nut to the shell)...
How to use
Gum Arabic is cold water soluble and a poor thickener. Levels between 1 and 30 g per kg. are appropriate. For specific applications, it is used in concentrated form for part of the premixes and can be the main ingredient (up to 400 g / kg) in fruit and wine gums.
Gum Arabic is a permitted food additive in EU assigned number E414. It also has the status of dietary fibre and ingredient. It is one of the few hydrocolloids to have both designations. Use of this product is not recommended for babies and young infants. For all commercial use, please follow our disclaimer and advice and refer to regulatory texts for limitations to use.
Store in a dry, cool place, away from direct sunlight in its original packaging.
Best before: refer to date indicated on packaging.
After opening: keeps for 6 months.
Arabic gum, gelling agent - E414
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