Comes in a 500gram Tub.
Xylitol belongs to the polyols or sugar alcohols. It is a small molecule found in many berries but also in vegetables, lettuce, mushrooms... in maize cobs or beech wood. It is available from industrial sources since the sixties mostly from wood. Animal sources also exist. Our human body produces 15g a day. Unfortunately a full bowl of raspberries only yields 1g xylitol. To benefit fully from xylitol 10 g a day in several servings are recommended. Many countries have recognised xylitol’s health benefits but it is still poorly known in others (France...) It certainly deserves to be more popular.
- Xylitol is a polyol with similar sweetness to sugar (table sugar) without any after taste but with 30 to 40% less calories (2,4 kcal/g). Well tolerated it can replace 100% sugar in sweets candies ... but also in coffee, tea, yoghurt, on fruit or cereal, in desserts and gelled preparations (jam, gums...)
- Scientific evidence supports xylitol’s anti cavity effect both a preventive one when it replaces cariogenic sugars behind tooth decay but also active in reducing tooth decay by starving oral Streptococcus bacteria that destroy the enamel and favoring salivation (its sweet and tasty !). Unlike many sugars, Xylitol doesn’t increase acidity in the organism.
- Ideally after a meal rinse your mouth with a few grams of xylitol (in your tooth brush water !) or chew a xylitol sweet.
- Preventively, xylitol reduces transmission of cariogenic bacteria from mouth to mouth : good news for lovers, over enthusiastic parents and life savers ! It is therefore commonly used in confectionery and chewing gum and dental products substantiated by 25 years research. The French union for oral health (UFSBD Union Française pour la Santé Bucco-dentaire) recommends the use of xylitol in chewing-gum but also in childrens’ cordials and tooth paste.
- Some studies argue in favour of xylitol for remineralisation of teeth and bones (research under way). After Matti Hari from the Finish team that launched xylitol, the xylitol dose recommended for teeth protection also considerably reduces infections of the intermediate ear in children between 1 and 6 years. Xylitol has been since introduced in nasal sprays for specific ear infections.
- Xylitol has a very low Glycemic Index (7).
- Xylitol appears naturally in chewing gum. Other similar uses are in dental products and breath freshners. Xylitol appears next to other cheaper polyols. Xylitol can be directly compressed and can make up to 98% of a tablet. For domestic use there are few limits to sugar replacement by xylitol. Hard boil sweets and chews contain over 50% sugar : a good target for polyols but use of fat in some confectionary (toffee...) seams to limit tooth decay and the need to reformulate. Ready made chocolate incorporates cocoa mass, cocoa fat, lecithin sugar and flavours. It is not possible to replace the sugar at home but maltitol based sugar is available for diabetics etc. Xylitol could be used in a similar way.
- Xylitol shares a common trait with menthol, maltitol or dextrose : it has a cooling effect when wet in the mouth. In fact it is almost as strong as menthol without the flavour. This makes xylitol a good dusting ingredient for chews, gums, choclate truffles, and decoration (glass rims, cool straws...)
- Xylitol can be used in low fat ice cream such as in sherbet and sorbet where dairy ingredients are missing (expecially lactose) as a freez point depressing agent and as a low calorie bulk sweetener.
- Kalys Gastronomie’s technical ingredients are particularly suitable for reformulating non dairy vegan dishes such as ice cream or confectionary and desserts.
- Xylitol doesn’t perform well in leavened dough: it may inhibit yeast growth. It has its place in sweet dough and fat enriched dough that use chemical leavening provided dusting and fillings are coherent.
- Xylitol is suitable to replace sugar in dressings, cordials, toppings and sauces.
- Xylitol can be used daily to replace table sugar in few cups of tea or on cereal etc if used reasonably.
Indications for use
Though it is in no way toxic and is tolerated up to several grams per day, it is safer to restrict daily intake below 70 g/day for adults and 35 g/day for kids.
Beware, products of similar nature should be counted together: tolerance is not independantly measured for each product : additive effects are to be expected between fibres polyols and sugars. An excessive ingestion of xylitol (as with other polyols) may lead to intestinal cramps, diarrhoea, bloating...
Xylitol should not be fed to animals: it causes rapid and fatal malfunctioning of the glycemic system in dogs. This doesn't result from voluntary testing an animals but from some unfortunate examples where pets have eaten sweets or gums or had their teeth cleaned with products (tooth paste) destined for humans!
Xylitol is a permitted food additif in USA and can be used without limitation in food supplements for particular nutritional purposes (special targeted applications close to PARNUTS). Additif number E967 in Europe.
The use of this product is not recommended for infants and babies.
Store in a dry cool place away from direct light. Shelf life once open: 6 months. Best before: refer to packaging.
Xylitol, sweetener - E967